Breed of the Month
Boasts and Brags
The Bichon Frise is a small, sturdy, white powder puff of a dog
whose merry temperament is evidenced by his plumed tail carried
jauntily over the back and his dark-eyed inquisitive expression.
This is a breed that has no gross or incapacitating exaggerations
and therefore there is no inherent reason for lack of balance or
Any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should be
penalized to the extent of the deviation. Structural faults common
to all breeds are as undesirable in the Bichon Frise as in any other
breed, even though such faults may not be specifically mentioned in
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size Dogs and bitches 9½ to 11½ inches are to be given
primary preference. Only where the comparative superiority of a
specimen outside this range clearly justifies it should greater
latitude be taken. In no case, however, should this latitude ever
extend over 12 inches or under 9 inches. The minimum limits do not
apply to puppies. Proportion--The body from the
forward-most point of the chest to the point of rump is ¼ longer
than the height at the withers. The body from the withers to lowest
point of chest represents ½ the distance from withers to ground.
Substance--Compact and of medium bone throughout; neither
coarse nor fine.
Expression--Soft, dark-eyed, inquisitive, alert.
Eyes are round, black or dark brown and are set in the
skull to look directly forward. An overly large or bulging eye is a
fault as is an almond shaped, obliquely set eye. Halos, the black or
very dark brown skin surrounding the eyes, are necessary as they
accentuate the eye and enhance expression. The eye rims themselves
must be black. Broken pigment, or total absence of pigment on the
eye rims produce a blank and staring expression, which is a definite
fault. Eyes of any color other than black or dark brown are a very
serious fault and must be severely penalized. Ears are
drop and are covered with long flowing hair. When extended toward
the nose, the leathers reach approximately halfway the length of the
muzzle. They are set on slightly higher than eye level and rather
forward on the skull, so that when the dog is alert they serve to
frame the face. The skull is slightly rounded,
allowing for a round and forward looking eye. The stop
is slightly accentuated. Muzzle--A properly balanced
head is three parts muzzle to five parts skull, measured from the
nose to the stop and from the stop to the occiput. A line drawn
between the outside corners of the eyes and to the nose will create
a near equilateral triangle. There is a slight degree of chiseling
under the eyes, but not so much as to result in a weak or snipey
foreface. The lower jaw is strong. The nose is
prominent and always black. Lips are black, fine,
never drooping. Bite is scissors. A bite which is
undershot or overshot should be severely penalized. A crooked or out
of line tooth is permissible, however, missing teeth are to be
Neck, Topline and Body
The arched neck is long and carried proudly behind an
erect head. It blends smoothly into the shoulders. The length of
neck from occiput to withers is approximately 1/3 the distance from
forechest to buttocks. The topline is level except for
a slight, muscular arch over the loin. Body--The chest
is well developed and wide enough to allow free and unrestricted
movement of the front legs. The lowest point of the chest extends at
least to the elbow. The rib cage is moderately sprung and extends
back to a short and muscular loin. The forechest is well pronounced
and protrudes slightly forward of the point of shoulder. The
underline has a moderate tuck-up. Tail is well plumed,
set on level with the topline and curved gracefully over the back so
that the hair of the tail rests on the back. When the tail is
extended toward the head it reaches at least halfway to the withers.
A low tail set, a tail carried perpendicularly to the back, or a
tail which droops behind is to be severely penalized. A corkscrew
tail is a very serious fault.
Shoulders--The shoulder blade, upper arm and forearm
are approximately equal in length. The shoulders are laid back to
somewhat near a forty-five degree angle. The upper arm extends well
back so the elbow is placed directly below the withers when viewed
from the side. Legs are of medium bone; straight, with no bow
or curve in the forearm or wrist. The elbows are held close to the
body. The pasterns slope slightly from the vertical.
The dewclaws may be removed. The feet are tight and
round, resembling those of a cat and point directly forward, turning
neither in nor out. Pads are black. Nails are
The hindquarters are of medium bone, well angulated with muscular
thighs and spaced moderately wide. The upper and lower thigh are
nearly equal in length meeting at a well bent stifle joint. The leg
from hock joint to foot pad is perpendicular to the ground. Dewclaws
may be removed. Paws are tight and round with black pads.
The texture of the coat is of utmost importance. The undercoat is
soft and dense, the outercoat of a coarser and curlier texture. The
combination of the two gives a soft but substantial feel to the
touch which is similar to plush or velvet and when patted springs
back. When bathed and brushed, it stands off the body, creating an
overall powder puff appearance. A wiry coat is not desirable. A
limp, silky coat, a coat that lies down, or a lack of undercoat are
very serious faults. Trimming--The coat is trimmed to
reveal the natural outline of the body. It is rounded off from any
direction and never cut so short as to create an overly trimmed or
squared off appearance. The furnishings of the head, beard,
moustache, ears and tail are left longer. The longer head hair is
trimmed to create an overall rounded impression. The topline is
trimmed to appear level. The coat is long enough to maintain the
powder puff look which is characteristic of the breed.
Color is white, may have shadings of buff, cream or apricot around
the ears or on the body. Any color in excess of 10% of the entire
coat of a mature specimen is a fault and should be penalized, but
color of the accepted shadings should not be faulted in puppies.
Movement at a trot is free, precise and effortless. In profile the
forelegs and hind legs extend equally with an easy reach and drive
that maintain a steady topline. When moving, the head and neck
remain somewhat erect and as speed increases there is a very slight
convergence of legs toward the center line. Moving away, the
hindquarters travel with moderate width between them and the foot
pads can be seen. Coming and going, his movement is precise and
Gentle mannered, sensitive, playful and affectionate. A cheerful
attitude is the hallmark of the breed and one should settle for
Approved October 11, 1988
Effective November 30, 1988
Black and Tan Coonhound
Black and Tan Coonhound
The Black and Tan Coonhound is first and fundamentally a working
dog, a trail and tree hound, capable of withstanding the rigors of
winter, the heat of summer, and the difficult terrain over which he
is called upon to work. Used principally for trailing and treeing
raccoon, the Black and Tan Coonhound runs his game entirely by
scent. The characteristics and courage of the Coonhound also make
him proficient on the hunt for deer, bear, mountain lion and other
big game. Judges are asked by the club sponsoring the breed to place
great emphasis upon these facts when evaluating the merits of the
dog. The general impression is that of power, agility and alertness.
He immediately impresses one with his ability to cover the ground
with powerful rhythmic strides.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size measured at the shoulder--Males 25 to 27 inches;
females 23 to 25 inches. Oversized dogs should not be penalized when
general soundness and proportion are in favor. Penalize
undersize. Proportion--Measured from the point of
shoulder to the buttocks and from withers to ground the length of
body is equal to or slightly greater than the height of the dog at
the withers. Height is in proportion to general conformation so that
dog appears neither leggy nor close to the ground. Substance--Considering
their job as a hunting dog, the individual should exhibit moderate
bone and good muscle tone. Males are heavier in bone and muscle tone
The head is cleanly modeled. From the back of the skull to the nose
the head measures from 9 to 10 inches in males and from 8 to 9
inches in females. Expression is alert, friendly and
eager. The skin is devoid of folds. Nostrils well open and always
black. The flews are well developed with typical hound appearance.
Penalize excessive wrinkles. Eyes are from
hazel to dark brown in color, almost round and not deeply set.
Penalize yellow or light eyes. Ears are low set
and well back. They hang in graceful folds, giving the dog a
majestic appearance. In length they extend naturally well beyond the
tip of the nose and are set at eye level or lower. Penalize
ears that do not reach the tip of the nose and are set too high on
the head. Skull tends toward oval outline. Medium stop
occurring midway between occiput bone and nose. Viewed from profile
the line of the skull is on a practically parallel plane to the
foreface or muzzle. Teeth fit evenly with scissors
bite. Penalize excessive deviation from scissors bite.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is muscular, sloping, medium length. The skin is devoid of
excess dewlap. The back is level, powerful and strong. The dog
possesses full, round, well sprung ribs, avoiding flatsidedness.
Chest reaches at least to the elbows. The tail is
strong, with base slightly below level of backline, carried free and
when in action at approximately right angle to back.
Powerfully constructed shoulders. The forelegs are straight, with
elbows turning neither in nor out; pasterns strong and erect.
Feet are compact, with well knuckled, strongly arched toes
and thick, strong pads. Penalize flat or splayed feet.
Quarters are well boned and muscled. From hip to hock long and
sinewy, hock to pad short and strong. Stifles and hocks well bent
and not inclining either in or out. When standing on a level
surface, the hind feet are set back from under the body and the leg
from pad to hock is at right angles to the ground. Fault--Rear
The coat is short but dense to withstand rough going.
As the name implies, the color is coal black with rich tan markings
above eyes, on sides of muzzle, chest, legs and breeching, with
black pencil markings on toes. Penalize lack of rich tan
markings, excessive areas of tan markings, excessive black
coloration. Faults--White on chest or other parts of body is
highly undesirable, and a solid patch of white which extends more
than one inch in any direction is a disqualification.
When viewed from the side, the stride of the Black and Tan Coonhound
is easy and graceful with plenty of reach in front and drive behind.
When viewed from the front the forelegs, which are in line with the
width of the body, move forward in an effortless manner, but never
cross. Viewed from the rear the hocks follow on a line with the
forelegs, being neither too widely nor too closely spaced, and as
the speed of the trot increases the feet tend to converge toward a
center line or single track indicating soundness, balance and
stamina. When in action, his head and tail carriage is proud and
alert; the topline remains level.
Even temperament, outgoing and friendly. As a working scent hound,
must be able to work in close contact with other hounds. Some may be
reserved but never shy or vicious. Aggression toward people or other
dogs is most undesirable.
Note--Inasmuch as this is a hunting breed, scars from
honorable wounds shall not be considered faults.
A solid patch of white which extends more than one inch in any
Approved December 11, 1990
Effective January 30, 1991